Distance Learning

Journal Article, peer-reviewed study.


Current research indicates that online student grades have dropped at for-profit online institutions, where adjunct online faculty made up for 80-90% of online faculty. Evidence of low online student grades in an era of increased use of adjunct online faculty exists. A quantitative non-experimental study examined the relationship between adjunct online faculty working at a private for-profit online institution and online student grades. A total of 81 out of 148 faculty members participated. Results indicated technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge of adjunct online instructors did not predict online student grades, however, other variables are discussed in this article that may contribute to low online student grades.

Keywords:  online learning; adjunct faculty; online student grades; distance learning; online courses

Publication Type: 
Journal Article
Dr. Wendy Kaaki
Year of Publication: 
Journal, Book, Magazine or Other Publication Title: 
Distance Learning
Date Published: 
Monday, July 6, 2020
Publication Language: 
Michael Simonson
Boyer's Domain: 



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