Cultural conflict in law enforcement and corrections has been influenced by the different philosophies of punishment. The philosophies include:
Eye for an Eye - retribution
Just Desserts - delayed retribution
Conservative - "lock the door and throw away the key". Be tough on crime
Liberal - "rehab for everyone" approach
Radical - "the offender is also a victime. They are a product of a bad environment
These philosophies have been in existance and in conflict with each other for many years.