Teachers’ Perceptions of Principals as Instructional Leaders and Student Academic Achievement in Elementary Schools

This purpose of this research was to determine whether a difference exists between teachers’ perception of principals as instructional leaders and student academic achievement in elementary schools. With The United States policies of “no child left behind” and “common core” it is important to know the perceptional differences in the school’s leadership.  

Abstract: 

The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine whether a difference exists between teachers’ perception of principals as instructional leaders and student academic achievement in elementary schools.  The following research questions were addressed:  (a) Is there a difference in teachers’ perception of principals as measured on the PIMRS in the instructional leadership behaviors of the Defining the School’s Mission dimension and student academic achievement between elementary schools in a rural school district in Georgia that received 2014 CCRPI scores below, at, and above the state average?  (b) Is there a difference in teachers’ perception of principals, as measured on the PIMRS in the instructional leadership behaviors of the Managing the Instructional Program dimension and student academic achievement in elementary schools in a rural school district in Georgia that received 2014 CCRPI scores below, at, and above the state average?  (c) Is there a difference in teachers’ perception of principals, as measured on the PIMRS in the instructional leadership behaviors of the Promoting a Positive School Learning Climate dimension and student academic achievement in elementary schools in a rural school district in Georgia that received 2014 CCRPI scores below, at, and above the state average?  SurveyMonkey was used to administer the PIMRS survey to collect data from teachers’ responses, which was subjected to a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test for data analysis through the use of SPSS.  A statistically significant difference was found between teachers’ perceptions of the principal’s instructional leadership at the school where student academic achievement is above the state’s 2014 CCRPI average and that of the principals where student academic achievement is at or below the state’s 2014 CCRPI average.  Given the conclusions of this study, duplication of this research in its entirety, with the exception of utilizing a random sampling method when possible, at the elementary level in an urban setting and at the middle and high school levels at urban and rural settings, as well as with a mixed-methods research design are offered as recommendations for further research. 

This publication has been peer reviewed.
Publication Type: 
Journal Article
Authors: 
Robert Branch
Delmon L. Moore, Jr.
Matthew Kuofie
Amy Hakim
Year of Publication: 
2016
Journal, Book, Magazine or Other Publication Title: 
Journal of Marketing and Management
Volume: 
7
Issue: 
1
Pages: 
1 - 23
Publisher: 
International Journal of Global Business
Date Published: 
Sunday, May 1, 2016
Place Published: 
http://www.gsmi-ijgb.com/Pages/JMMV7N1.aspx
Publication Language: 
English
Boyer's Domain: 

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