The Effect of Audio-Visual Feedback on Learning Outcomes of Post-Graduate Online Students

Real name: 


Plaintext email only

Elizabeth Johnston, Ed.D.

First and Last Name: 
Elizabeth Johnston


Member for
8 years 4 months
(925) 988-0450
Current and Ongoing Research Interests: 

I am interested in learning more about how the arts open learning potentials.

I am interested in developing better learning opportunities for students in online or CSCL environments.

I am interested in how visual, auditory, and kinesthetic materials might improve learning in general and particularly an online learning experience.

I am interested in learning more about qualitative research, particularly content analysis.


The CEITR has accepted my research fellowship proposal for 2016-17.  The article was accepted for publication in August, 2017.  I am currently developing a special interest group: The Arts: Teaching and Learning.  A call for research participants will go out during September, 2017.  Several other research projects are nearing completion and will be submitted for publication.  I will present three papers at the AECT conference in Jacksonville, Florida in November, 2017.

Elizabeth Johnston, Ed.D.



The power of images: Exploring the edges of an alternative paradigm
May the odds be ever with you
Symposium Introduction (to Design)
Appreciative surprise: A strategic approach to generating reflexive responses to meet the challenges of 21st-century corporate citizenship
Appreciative inquiry: Researching greatness
Emancipating Reflexive Voice in Developing Contemporary Graduate Identity: Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management
Making Sense of Differing Experiences of Identity in America
Still Alice
Exploring pedagogical foundations of existing virtual reality (VR) educational applications: A content analysis study
Witnesses to transformation: Family member experiences providing individualized music to their relatives with dementia
Virtual Reality Pedagogy Considerations in Learning Environments
University of Phoenix Courses: 
Professional Bio: 
Elizabeth is the Associate Chair for the Center for Educational and Instructional Research (CEITR) and faculty member at the School for Advanced Studies (SAS) at University of Phoenix. Co-leader of Teaching and Learning with the Arts Research (TLAR) Special Interest Group (SIG) and the Diversity Research Labs (1 and 2). Qualitative researcher interested in online education, technology and the arts. Currently working on Arts based instructional and curricular strategies for working with virtual educational applications and the narratives of artists. The goal is to provide useful new knowledge for a wide audience of educators, policy makers, and researchers. Elizabeth has been teaching in Higher Education for 21 years and at University of Phoenix® for 14 years, including successfully chairing over 40 dissertations. Passionate about education, Elizabeth spent 25 years in K-12 education where she was a teacher, department chair, principal, and central office administrator. At the University of Phoenix, Elizabeth has worked as a member of the Global Council (serving the School of Advanced Studies (SAS) and the Academic Cabinet (serving the entire University). Elizabeth was an editor for the Media Symposium at the Journal of Psychological Issues in Organizational Culture for the years 2015-2016 and a peer reviewer for the Journal of Leadership Studies, Journal of Psychological Issues in Organizational Culture. Elizabeth earned a doctoral degree in Educational Leadership from Loyola, Chicago, and an MA and BA from Michigan State University in Fine Arts and Education. She earned a Type 75 certificate in Leadership (Superintendent's level) from University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana.
Degrees Completed: 
Doctoral Degree
Educational Leadership
Loyola of Chicago
Masters Degree
Art Education and Special Education
Michigan State University
Bachelors Degree
Double major in Fine Arts and Psychology
Michigan State University
Leadership: Type 75 Leadership Certificate
University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, IL
Academic Appointments: 
Senior Research Fellow
School of Advanced Studies: Center for Educational and Instructional Technology Research (CEITR)
Tuesday, September 1, 2015
Honors and Awards: 
Global Council, School of Advanced Studies, University of Phoenix
Subject Matter Expert for ACCESS (incoming doctoral learner course sequence) curriculum development
Academic Cabinet, School of Advanced Studies, University of Phoenix
Research Fellowship in Teaching & Learning, University of Phoenix
Top Ten Dissertation chairs
Research Faculty of the Year
Research Hub: KWB conference
Year Awarded: 
Professional Education: 
Professional Suffix: 
Primary College or School: 

The proposed study will apply a sequential explanatory mixed methods design where quantitative data will be collected first to identify any differences in student achievement of learning outcomes as an effect of membership within the experimental or control group.  In the second or qualitative phase of the study, data will be gathered to explain further the quantitative data from phase 1. 


During phase 1, the mixed method approach will define the relationship between the dependent variable (student progress in writing and organization and critical thinking as assessed by a validated rubric) and the independent variable (participation in the experimental or control cohort).  The experimental group will receive Snagit software supported audio and visual feedback on assignments.  The control group will receive traditional print based feedback. Two covariates that might have an effect on findings are GPA and self assessed familiarity with technology. During phase 2, students from both groups will be interviewed to understand the statistical findings in more depth.