California Southern University, Irvine, CA

California Southern University, Irvine, CA

Emotional Intelligence the Link to Psychological Well-Being The purpose of this research project is to investigate the ability to use Emotional Intelligence to predict Psychological Well-Being in establishing knowledge about workplace diversity as it relates to Emotional Intelligence. This project will help to advance the knowledge of Emotional Intelligence and Psychological Well-Being, including the understanding of their key components. The benefit to the organizational psychology field is the ability to enhance leadership training to increase Emotional Intelligence abilities in order to potentially increase overall Psychological Well-Being. Theoretical Framework This project is based on two theoretical areas: the Ability model of Emotional Intelligence (EQ; Mayer & Salovey, 1997), and the Multi-faceted Psychological Well-Being (PWB; Ryff, 1998). Emotional intelligence plays a significant role in determining positive psychological well-being. Research studies have shown that there are specific determinants that can greatly increase emotional intelligence in order to achieve a general feeling of happiness and satisfaction with life. Some of these factors include optimism (Augusto-Landa, et al., 2011), meditation (Chu, 2010), unconscious emotional regulation (Hopp, Troy, & Mauss, 2011), and perspective-taking in social relationships (Schroder-Abe, & Schutz, 2011). Individuals can increase their emotional intelligence by striving for these elements. There is no workplace that has a dearth of individuals who are diverse in their variety of capabilities coming from various levels of EQ. The second theory is the Multi-faceted Psychological Well-Being. According to Ryff (as cited in Augosto-Landa, Pulido-Martos, and Lopez-Zafra, 2011), “Psychological Well-Being encompasses the following elements: self-acceptance or positive attitude toward oneself, personal growth or development, purpose of life, control or mastery of the environment, positive relationships with others, and autonomy or ability to be independent” (p. 464). Psychological health has also been defined as stated below. Psychological health = Coping Skills + Self-Esteem + Social Support + Personal Power Organic Factors + Stress + Powerlessness (Lewis, Lewis, Daniels, & D’Andrea, 2003). Research Method A research design aimed at predicting EQ by PWB will have two hundred voluntary participants complete an online questionnaire comprised of the two instruments. Participants will include both male and female adults ranging from ages 25 and older. Volunteer participants will be obtained through social media and university contacts. Participants will be from different ethnic backgrounds and socioeconomic status. There are two instruments that will be used. The Ryff inventory is a 6-point scale which measures multiple facets of PWB including autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, and self-acceptance. The MSCEIT is an ability test that measures emotional intelligence. Emotional Intelligence is the ability to manage emotions in order to modulate one’s own and other’s feelings to deal with stress and to promote self-understanding and growth. Online survey tools will be utilized to conduct the research study. The surveys will be administered through SurveyGizmo and scores will be recorded through the online survey software. Data Analysis Method EQ and PWB are the two variables analyzed for this research study. A t-test will be performed to analyze the data. Additionally, the component subscales of the EQ will each be analyzed with the PWB in order to determine if there is one subscale more predictive of PWB that others. This research study will discover if EQ can be used to predict levels of PWB, as individuals with high EQ are able to maintain positive states longer and more often (Augosto-Landa et al., 2010). In relation to understanding workplace diversity, this project brings recognition to the area of a variety of leadership skills connected to varied EQ abilities. Greater PWB has been shown to be related to a longer and healthier life. Therefore, if PWB can be predicted by EQ, then based upon EQ, succession planning can be enhanced and employee training and development can be infused with increasing EQ abilities for a healthier workforce both physically and mentally. Timeline July 2014, permission to use MSCEIT & Ryff Instrument already received. August 2014, complete proposal. November 2015, IRB permission. November 2015, create questionnaire on online survey system. December 2015-January 2016, data collection. February 2016, March, January 2016, write report. April 2016, submit for publication. References Augosto-Landa, J. M., Pulido-Martos, M., & Lopez-Zafra, E. (2011). Does perceived emotional intelligence and optimism/pessimism predict psychological well-being? J. Happiness Stud, 12(1), 463-474. Hopp, H., Troy, A. S., & Mauss, I. B. (2011). The unconscious pursuit of emotional regulation: implications for psychological health. Cognition & Emotion, 25(3), 532-545. Lewis, J. A., Lewis, M. D., Daniels, J. A., & D’Andrea, M. J. (2003). Community counseling: Empowerment strategies for a diverse society (3rd ed.). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole-Thomson Learning.