Nightingale, Curie, and Roosevelt as exemplars of the fabulous five dimensions of Centered Leadership™

The research in this article started with an interest in Florence Nightingale. We were researching her recently published “Collected Works” (McDonald, 2002-2010) when someone said she was one of only three women on a list of the 100 most influential people of the last 1000 years. We never found that list. We did find several lists of influential leaders and noted very few women on them. We found Florence Nightingale, Marie Curie, and Eleanor Roosevelt on many of these lists. Intrigued, we began examining the lives and contributions of these three exemplary women in hopes of developing an informative perspective on the leadership characteristics of remarkable women. We felt exploring their lives would be of interest and offer some insights valuable to women today.


Phenomenological patterns identified from lived experiences described in the biographies of Nightingale, Curie, and Roosevelt were found consistent with the Centered Leadership model (Barsh, Cranston, & Lewis, 2011) confirming the model as a valuable guide for leadership development of women. This biographical case study of three outstanding women from the last century analyzed information from their own words quoted in collected works, books, and articles they authored or written about them. We documented evidence of the fabulous five dimensions of meaning, framing, connecting, engaging, and energizing from Centered Leadership for all three exemplars supporting the model.

This publication has been peer reviewed.
Publication Type: 
Journal Article
Kelley Conrad
Anastasia Metros
Barbara Shambaugh
Year of Publication: 
Journal, Book, Magazine or Other Publication Title: 
Journal of Leasership, Accountability, and Ethics (JLAE)
North American Business Press
Date Published: 
Sunday, December 1, 2013
Place Published: 
Lighthouse Point
Publication Language: 
Boyer's Domain: 

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