Digital Badges and Micro-Credentials: Historical Overview, Motivational Aspects, Issues, and Challenges

Digital Badges represent a valid indicator of specific achievements, knowledge, skills, and competencies that can be earned in formal and informal learning environments. Digital Badges represent an opportunity to recognize such achievements through credible organizations that can be integrated in traditional educational programs but can also represent experience in informal contexts or community engagement. Furthermore, instructional designers can use badges to motivate and influence engagement by providing for example focused goals or challenging tasks.


“Foundations of Digital Badges and Micro-Credentials” aims to provide insight into how Digital Badges may enhance formal and informal education by focusing on technological design issues including organizational requirements, instructional design, and deployment. It will feature current research exploring the theoretical foundation and empirical evidence of the utilization of Digital Badges as well as case studies that describe current practices and experiences in the use of Digital Badges for motivation, learning, and instruction in K-12, higher education, workplace learning, and further education settings.

This publication has been peer reviewed.
Publication Type: 
Journal Article
Larry Ellis, Sandra Nunn, John T. Avella
Year of Publication: 
Journal, Book, Magazine or Other Publication Title: 
Foundations of Digital Badges and Micro-Credentials: Demonstrating and Recognizing Knowledge and Competencies
1st Edition
Date Published: 
Thursday, December 1, 2016
Place Published: 
Publication Language: 
ISBN Number: 
Dirk Ifenthaler, Nicole Bellin-Mularski, Dana-Kristin Mah

Additional content will be provided upon request.