Online education has been gaining grounds in the past decade. However, the online doctoral student is a new phenomenon. There is a lack of clarity and insight related to the obstacles and advantages faced by these new nontraditional doctoral students. A traditional doctoral student lives on campus and pursues the degree in a face-to-face environment. The online doctoral student goes to school part time, while working full time and caring for a family. The online doctoral students’ areas of concern are unique and university leaders can utilize the results of this study to adopt practices that ensure doctoral students success. For this meta-data analysis, only qualitative research that included evidence-based statements, as opposed to author assertions were considered to answer these questions:
1. What are the perceptions and experiences of online doctoral learners?
2. What obstacles do online doctoral learners face?
3. What are the advantages of being an online doctoral learner?