A Correlational Study about the Cultural Awareness among Nursing Students

A correlational approach was implemented to determine if relationships existed between the integrated cultural curriculum and level of cultural awareness in graduating associate degree nursing students in a large metropolitan area, such as in Los Angeles (Sealey et al., 2006).  The Cultural Awareness Scale (CAS) was used to survey the participants.  Based on the findings of the 51 participants surveyed in this study, the cultural awareness level may be attributed to several factors, including the integrated cultural curricula.  The nursing student’s learning style, perception of faculty, personal experiences, and cultural encounters may also contribute to the cultural awareness level.  Analysis of variance results revealed no statistically significant difference on the CAS total or subscale scores based on gender, age, and ethnicity.

Abstract: 

Researchers have developed strategies used in nursing programs to promote cultural awareness (Hunter & Krantz, 2010).  Minimal research has focused on the graduating associate degree-nursing students to determine if a relationship existed between the use of an integrated cultural curriculum and the nursing student’s level of cultural awareness (Kardong-Edgren & Campinha-Bacote, 2008, Sealey, Burnett, & Johnson, 2006).

The associate degree-nursing program accreditation, statistical, and benchmark reports mandated the integration of diversity content, local, national, and worldwide perspectives in the curricula (NLN, 2008).  Additionally societal and cultural patterns must be integrated across the entire nursing school curricula (Board of Registered Nursing, 2012, section 1426-e7).  A correlational approach was implemented to determine if relationships existed between the integrated cultural curriculum and level of cultural awareness in graduating associate degree nursing students in a large metropolitan area, such as in Los Angeles (Sealey et al., 2006).  The Cultural Awareness Scale (CAS) was used to survey the participants.  Based on the findings of the 51 participants surveyed in this study, the cultural awareness level may be attributed to several factors, including the integrated cultural curricula.  The nursing student’s learning style, perception of faculty, personal experiences, and cultural encounters may also contribute to the cultural awareness level.  Analysis of variance results revealed no statistically significant difference on the CAS total or subscale scores based on gender, age, and ethnicity.

This publication has been peer reviewed.
Publication Type: 
Journal Article
Authors: 
Renee Martin-Thornton, Shawn Boone, and Melissa A. Holmberg
Year of Publication: 
2017
Journal, Book, Magazine or Other Publication Title: 
Contemporary Nursing
Publication Language: 
English
Boyer's Domain: 

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