Philosophy of Punishment, Education and Cultural Conflict in Criminal Justice

American Association of Behavioral and Social Sciences
Priest, L., Nazon, M., Bynum, R., Lawrence, F.
Presentation Date: 
Tuesday, January 31, 2017
Event or Conference: 
Annual Conference
Presentation Type: 
Paper Presentation
Boyer's Domain: 
Presentation Attachment(s): 
Presentation Location: 
Flamingo Hotel
Las Vegas, NV
United States
Abstract: 
Despite efforts by higher education to improve the beliefs, attitudes and behavior within the criminal justice system, cultural conflict still exists in law enforcement and corrections. The 1967 President’s Commission recommended for all police officers to have a college degree to reduce bias, prejudice, and excessive force. While higher education has improved law enforcement and corrections officers and organizations, it has had a limited impact on improving the behavior in some instances. Different philosophies towards punishment consist in the criminal justice system. These philosophies drive the behavior of criminal justice professionals. The philosophies are often in conflict with each other and society. A survey of 926 Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences members (criminal justice professors) was done on their views towards the Philosophy of Punishment and cultural diversity courses in criminal justice curriculum. The role, efforts, and limitations of education in resolving cultural conflict/philosophy of punishment issues in criminal justice will be discussed.