Achieving Competence: Army-VOTEC School Partnership Pilot Studies


In order to reduce Army training costs, the Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) investigated use of training at civilian secondary and postsecondary vocational-technical (VOTEC) institutions as an alternative to initial job training in Army service schools. Three models were used in the pilot study: the preservice training model in which civilian-trained VOTEC school graduates are recruited; inservice training model in which civilian VOTEC institutions train specific parts of Army courses; and exportable curriculum training model in which civilian VOTEC schools use an Army-developed curriculum. The Vocational Training Strategies study found that training content in the Army's Light Wheel Vehicle Mechanic course compared favorably with the VOTEC auto mechanic curriculum and the preservice training model was the most cost effective. Phase I of the Light Wheel Vehicle Mechanic Pilot Study began using the VOTEC training model. Findings indicated that VOTEC secondary school graduates scored as well as Army graduates, and postsecondary VOTEC graduates scored higher. The second phase of the pilot study involved recruitment of VOTEC graduates and assessment of training effectiveness, attrition, knowledge retention, and job performance. The Food Service VOTEC pilot study and its findings mirrored the Light Wheel Vehicle Mechanic study. The results demonstrated that using VOTEC institutions to train soldiers held great potential as an efficient and effective Army/VOTEC partnership. 

This publication has been peer reviewed.
Publication Type: 
Mary W. "Mimi" Stout
Year of Publication: 
Journal, Book, Magazine or Other Publication Title: 
ERIC Document No. ED 356424, ERIC Clearinghouse Database
Boyer's Domain: 



Journal of Leadership Studies-Symposium Piece-Relational Leadership: Perspectives of Key Constructs on Diversity, Inclusion, and Social Equity in Higher Education

Psychology Today
Blog Posts Published


American Psychological Association Conference-Utilizing Clinical Hypnotherapeutic Intervention with CBT to Treat Pandemic-Aug. 13-2021 Symptomology

ILA Conference Geneva Switzerland 2021
Presenter -Topic-"The Stress Arc in Leadership and 3 Powerful Disciplines for Mitigating Major Stress Impacts in a New Era"-Upcoming
Presenter -Topic-“Improving Higher Education’s Role in Diversity and Social Equity through Relational Leadership in the New Era”-Upcoming
Presenter-Topic-"Healthcare Leadership-Using Virtuous Leadership in Chaos to Reimagine Beneficial Practices of Employee Cognitive Psychology"-Upcoming
2021-Knowledge Without Boundaries National Summit-College of Doctoral Studies Research Conference-University of Phoenix-Panel Discussion-"Exploring Emergent Trends in Leadership and Education"-Based on published symposia article from the Journal of Leadership Studies-