Optimization of Adult Learner Experiences by Clinical Research Preceptors via Application of Andragogical Principles


Utilization of andragogical (adult learning) principles by preceptors employed in various
clinical research settings in a post baccalaureate Clinical Research Associate Training Program
(CRATP) for minority registered nurses enhanced the overall learning process. Clinical
assignments — hands-on tasks and experiential learning — served as the clinical learning
platform that enabled students to achieve high-quality learning outcomes and contributed to the
overall success of the CRATP. Understanding and applying adult learning principles to enhance
the preceptor/student relationship is imperative to achieve optimal student learning outcomes.
Students, preceptors, and the training agencies cumulatively proved that the application of
andragogical principles to the development and implementation of clinical assignments
optimized the clinical experience of adult learners.

This publication has been peer reviewed.
Publication Type: 
Journal Article
Charlotte Hurst, PhD, RN, CNM;1,2 Pukar Ratti, MSChE, MSHCM, CIM, CCRP, FACMPE;3,4,5,6 Lequisha Brown-Joseph, PhD7
Year of Publication: 
Journal, Book, Magazine or Other Publication Title: 
Optimization of Adult Learner Experiences by Clinical Research Preceptors via Application of Andragogical Principles
SOCRA – Society for Clinical Research Excellence
Date Published: 
Sunday, November 1, 2015
Place Published: 
SOCRA – Society for Clinical Research Excellence
Publication Language: 



Journal of Leadership Studies-Symposium Piece-Relational Leadership: Perspectives of Key Constructs on Diversity, Inclusion, and Social Equity in Higher Education

Psychology Today
Blog Posts Published


American Psychological Association Conference-Utilizing Clinical Hypnotherapeutic Intervention with CBT to Treat Pandemic-Aug. 13-2021 Symptomology

ILA Conference Geneva Switzerland 2021
Presenter -Topic-"The Stress Arc in Leadership and 3 Powerful Disciplines for Mitigating Major Stress Impacts in a New Era"-Upcoming
Presenter -Topic-“Improving Higher Education’s Role in Diversity and Social Equity through Relational Leadership in the New Era”-Upcoming
Presenter-Topic-"Healthcare Leadership-Using Virtuous Leadership in Chaos to Reimagine Beneficial Practices of Employee Cognitive Psychology"-Upcoming
2021-Knowledge Without Boundaries National Summit-College of Doctoral Studies Research Conference-University of Phoenix-Panel Discussion-"Exploring Emergent Trends in Leadership and Education"-Based on published symposia article from the Journal of Leadership Studies- https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/jls.21734