Modifying the Qualitative Delphi Technique to Develop the Female Soldier Support Model


The U.S. Army chaplaincy did not have a gender specific model for providing emotional and spiritual support to women soldiers. Such a model was needed because women often experience the military differently than men. The Comprehensive Female Soldier Support (CFS2) model was developed using a modified Delphi technique and a feminist theoretical framework. This study altered the Delphi design by using two successive panels of experts. The first panel, consisting of 10 wounded female soldiers, developed a list of pastoral needs experienced by the women. The second panel, composed of 11 female chaplains, provided solutions for those needs. The implication is that specific modifications used in this study are useful when the support needs of a population group are unknown, but once identified, the appropriate experts can solve these needs. Human services practitioners, social workers, and spiritual support providers may find the techniques invaluable.

This publication has been peer reviewed.
Publication Type: 
Journal Article
Daniel Roberts
Joann Kovacich
Year of Publication: 
Journal, Book, Magazine or Other Publication Title: 
The Qualitative Report
Publication Language: 
Boyer's Domain: 



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