The Role of Acculturation Supports ("Sports de Acculturation")
Hispanics are members of the largest and also one of the fastest growing minority groups in the United States; however, they are disproportionately underrepresented in professional and leadership roles across Corporate America. Recognizing the importance of cultural variables in their career development, we advance a theoretical framework of how the Hispanic acculturation experience may factor into different aspects of their career success. We argue that while Hispanics may encounter negative stressors to their lives and careers as a result of their experiences with the acculturation process, including perceived discrimination, linguistic difficulties, cultural and social isolation, and the need to navigate the significant cultural divide within their workplaces, many are well adapted and thrive in their careers due to the positive influence of acculturation supports (“soportes de acculturation”). In this way maintaining a compatible and overlapping bicultural identity, which encompasses a strong ethnic identity, English language proficiency, and social connectedness to both mainstream and ethnic communities and families, can serve as a protective factor and provide positive career-related resources that facilitate Hispanics’ objective and subjective career success. Through this lens, we offer important insight on how these cultural factors play an important role in Hispanics’ career outcomes and satisfaction.
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