Fit and Fun. Fitness and Outdoor Activities.

This chapter describes the design of a playground for young children, including materials, safety issues, equipment and activity zones. Playground safety, maintenance and supervision are also discussed; specific applicable federal lays, such as ADA, are included. It goes on to discuss a variety of ways playgrounds can be used to nurture the physical development of young children, and help them learn to enjoy the outdoors.


This chapter describes how to design and maintain a safe playground for young children. Equipment, safety zones. supervision and maintenance are described, along with federal laws and regulations. While the focus is on safety, the text also encourages programs to nurture the outdoor play of young children, and to provide quality outdoor play opportunities.

This publication has been peer reviewed.
Publication Type: 
Book Chapter
Francis Wardle
Year of Publication: 
Journal, Book, Magazine or Other Publication Title: 
Preschool Health and Safety Matters
First Edition
91 - 103
Gryphon House Press
Date Published: 
Saturday, January 1, 2011
Place Published: 
Silver Spring, MD.
Publication Language: 
ISBN Number: 
Jody Martin
Boyer's Domain: 



Journal of Leadership Studies-Symposium Piece-Relational Leadership: Perspectives of Key Constructs on Diversity, Inclusion, and Social Equity in Higher Education

Psychology Today
Blog Posts Published


American Psychological Association Conference-Utilizing Clinical Hypnotherapeutic Intervention with CBT to Treat Pandemic-Aug. 13-2021 Symptomology

ILA Conference Geneva Switzerland 2021
Presenter -Topic-"The Stress Arc in Leadership and 3 Powerful Disciplines for Mitigating Major Stress Impacts in a New Era"-Upcoming
Presenter -Topic-“Improving Higher Education’s Role in Diversity and Social Equity through Relational Leadership in the New Era”-Upcoming
Presenter-Topic-"Healthcare Leadership-Using Virtuous Leadership in Chaos to Reimagine Beneficial Practices of Employee Cognitive Psychology"-Upcoming
2021-Knowledge Without Boundaries National Summit-College of Doctoral Studies Research Conference-University of Phoenix-Panel Discussion-"Exploring Emergent Trends in Leadership and Education"-Based on published symposia article from the Journal of Leadership Studies-