The Relationship Between Public School Cost, Student Performance and Unemployment
Editor of: The Relationship Between Public School Cost, Student Performance and Unemployment
by Scott A. Doyle Edited by Dr. Elizabeth Young.
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The specific problem addressed in this study was that the goal of public school funding is to support schools in producing a citizenry who are academically proficient and employable, but the unemployment rate in Ohio increased from 5.9% in 2005 to 7.4% in 2012 as the labor participation rate declined by 100,000 workers. The design of this study was descriptive correlational. Public data were collected from the Ohio Department of Education and the BLS. A linear multiple regression analysis and Spearman’s rho were applied to Ohio countywide per-pupil expenditures and Ohio countywide proficiency scores; Ohio countywide proficiency scores and Ohio Countywide unemployment. The findings of this study included a determination that countywide OGT test scores are a significant predictor of countywide unemployment rates in the state of Ohio. The context affecting the findings of this study, regarding RQ2, cannot be controlled and could include local economic problems due to plant closures (for unseen reasons) affecting local unemployment levels. The correlational coefficient was negative, which indicated a decrease in OGT scores might result in increased unemployment rates. Countywide per-pupil spending in the state of Ohio is not a significant predictor of countywide high school proficiency rates. The Spearman’s results for proficiency and unemployment were -.683, -.634, -.588, -.389, -.202, -.542, -.647, and -.660 respectively from the years 2005-2009. The p-value was .000 for all years of the study except 2009. In 2009, the p-value was .059. The Spearman’s results for proficiency and expenditures ranged from .145 to -.041 with p-values >.05.
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