Leadership and eLeadership: An Analysis of Contingency Factors and Considerations

Session 1: Management (9:00 AM – 10:30 AM Room 750)
Session Chair: Dr. John O. Okpara, Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA
Leadership and eLeadership: an analysis of contingency factors and considerations
Dr. Michael Hamlet, Member of the Board of Directors of BAASANA
Dr. Frank Owarish, Executive Director, International Institute for Strategic Research and Training,
Dr. Donald Hsu, CEO and Professor, University of Phoenix, School of Advanced Study, AZ, USA


Leadership is a crucial element for all major human endeavors and it takes various forms and styles which keep on evolving with time. Often it is exercised by a single person but more and more as a team given the multifaceted aspects of a large enterprise such as a company or a government entity. In the political contexts we have seen a variety of styles used to garner support since most situations require leadership and followership. Society is increasingly driven by technology with computer systems playing a major role and in this context the entities are essentially electronic in nature; case in point Amazon. Increasingly traditional business organizations are being replaced and/or complemented by ebusiness; cases in point AliBaba and The New York Times; Kohl closing several stores and trying to do more business online. eLeadership is the type of leadership used specifically for the so-called electronic entities. eLeadership could also mean using electronic means in organizations which may be basically traditional in nature but have to adapt to the new contingencies. Determining which one to use has to do with the specific organizations and situations involved. This study will first explore the multifaceted aspects of leadership and eLeadership and identify their distinct nature. A review of contingency theories of leadership will be undertaken in particular to pinpoint the need to update such theories in light of the tremendous impact of technology on practically all organizations. Contingency theory is a behavioral theory based on the view that there is no “one best way” to lead an organization, organize a cooperation or make a decision. Contingency theory states that actions taken are dependant (contingent) to the internal and external factors. Two of the most important contingencies for organizations are: competition and technology with the former often driving to the use of more of the latter. In the business sector, how often do we see traditional organizations going under since they are unable to compete with those using eLeadership

This publication has been peer reviewed.
Publication Type: 
Conference Proceedings
Donald Hsu
Michael Hamlet
Frank Owarish
Year of Publication: 
Journal, Book, Magazine or Other Publication Title: 
Proceeding of BAASANA 2016 International Conference
Date Published: 
Wednesday, August 17, 2016
Place Published: 
New York, New York
Publication Language: 
ISSN Number: 
2471- 6847
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