Teachers' Perspective of Question-answer Relationship and Reading Comprehension: A Case Study

Teachers' Perspective of Question-answer Relationship and Reading Comprehension: A Case Study

Author: 
Shanomage Bailey-Henry
Program of study: 
Ed.D./CI
Abstract: 
A complex and pervasive learning goal in elementary school is reading comprehension because reading comprehension forms the foundation for academic learning as students progress through the different grade levels. Children’s understanding and application of comprehension strategy are essential to their success as listeners, speakers, readers, and writers. Since reading comprehension is critical to students’ learning and academic performance, the aim of this qualitative case study was to examine elementary teachers’ perceptions of the use of question-answer relationship (QAR) strategy in their reading comprehension lessons. During the investigation, open-ended interview questions, observations, and document review were used to examine participants’ perceptions of the use of QAR strategy on students’ thinking, questioning, and comprehension achievement. The participants were twelve elementary teachers from grades 2-5 at a local primary school in the Cayman Islands. From the data collected eight themes were identified. The themes were as follows: (a) instructional delivery, (b) inference, (c) connections (d) effectiveness, (e) students’ thinking, (f) performance (g) comprehension, and (h) reading program. The findings revealed that QAR helped instructional delivery to be more structured, improved teachers’ questioning techniques, and enabled students to provide responses that demonstrated better higher-order thinking and understanding. The use of QAR in the reading comprehension lessons and the school’s curriculum may aid administrators, educators, and other stakeholders in making informed decisions about students’ academic achievement and teaching practice. Recommendations for including the QAR strategy in the school’s curriculum are offered to policymakers, administrators, inclusion specialists, and educators.
Dedication: 
This work is dedicated to my husband and children who supported me through this long journey. Second to my friends who listened to me and offered advice when I was overwhelmed with the different learning tasks and obstacles that I experienced during the journey. More importantly, I want to thank the Lord for his continued grace and mercy that he freely gives to me. Without the Lord’s guidance, I would not be able to find the strength or motivation to complete the journey. The work is also dedicated to my parents who ensured that I got the chance to get a good education. It is because of my background that I was able to stay focus, set goals and monitor my progress until desired goals were attained. My work is also dedicated to my sisters, brothers, aunts, and cousins who believed in me and encouraged me to focus on the finish product. The continued support and motivational talks have had a significant impact on my thought process and have enabled me to reassess my actions and demonstrate a renewed effort to continue. I want you to know that your support was recognized and appreciated. I sincerely hope that God continues to direct your paths and bless your thoughts and effort.
Acknowledgements: 
First, I would like to extend my sincere gratitude and appreciation to my Chair, Dr. Casey Reason for his continuous support and advice during my doctoral journey. It is because of your support and feedback that I was able to remain motivated, stay on task and gain additional knowledge in the development of my dissertation. I am grateful that you stayed with me and provided feedback in and out of class. Second, I would also like to acknowledge my Committee members Dr. Patricia Penn and Dr. Carol Woehler who supported me and provided specific descriptive feedbacks that have enabled me to improve the quality of my paper. I recognize that I was not the most competent learner but you have demonstrated patience and provided advice to help me along. I would also like to thank Dr. Susan Young who helped me obtained approval from the local Human Research Ethical Board. Without your consistent efforts, I would not be able to continue my study. Finally, I would like to say thanks to the participants who sacrificed their time to participate in the study. Without you, the research process or my doctoral journey would not have been possible. Thank you, one and all for believing, supporting and offering your time and willingness to cater to my academic needs.