School-based Personnel’s Perspectives Regarding Dysphagia Management: A Phenomenological Study

School-based Personnel’s Perspectives Regarding Dysphagia Management: A Phenomenological Study

Author: 
Shai L. Menina
Program of study: 
Ed.D.
Abstract: 
The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experiences of school-based personnel who face challenges working with students with feeding and swallowing disorders (dysphagia). Four themes emerged from in-depth interviews of school-based personnel who work with student with significant disabilities and dysphagia in a Louisiana urban city school district. These themes included personnel issues, student concerns, parental involvement, and external support. Participants believe lack of knowledge, lack of collaboration, lack of personnel, lack of adequate equipment, and lack of parental support are major factors affecting school-based management programs. The outcome of this inquiry can prepare educational leaders with insight to identify and treat students with dysphagia and feeding disorders. Participant’s views can help guide leaders to develop and implement effective and appropriate school-based dysphagia management programs. This study includes implications for future research studies with recommended actions.
Dedication: 
To Jordan Dumas and the Dumas Family, and to all the children of the former New Orleans Public Schools and Recovery School District who present with impaired swallowing and the school-based personnel who work diligently to help improve their swallowing difficulties. These children have inspired me to increase my knowledge in the area of dysphagia to serve them better. Additionally, I dedicate this study to my daughter Angelle Shalese and nephew Kaleb Mathieu and to the family graduates of 2016: Armon Adams; Milwaukee, WI Kyle Hall; Slidell, LA Javonte’ Jackson; Slidell, LA AJeannine White; Avondale, LA “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”…..Nelson Mandela
Acknowledgements: 
I would like to acknowledge the following individuals who have helped me achieve this goal: first my Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. I could do all things through Christ who strengthens me. To my supportive family: my mother, Theresa, stepfather, Louis, and father, Greg, Sr. Thank you all for pushing me to strive for more. To Aunt Marsha, Uncle Jessie, Aunt Herdy and Uncle Joe, thank-you for your encouragement. Without you all, I would not have survived this process. To my colleagues and friends, Dr. Cynthia Laverie, Shayla De LaRose, Dorothy Moses, Cathy Myre, Josephine Bourgeois, and Janice Rowser; I appreciate your time and assistance. Additionally, I want to thank my Academic Advisor, Misa Alexander for her continued words of encouragement. Thank-you to my committee chair; Dr. Mishaleen Allen and my committee members; Dr. Gary Jacobs and Dr. Theresa Dorel for guiding me through this process. Ms. Patricia Flowers, thank you for your love and belief in my therapeutic skills. Thank you all for helping me to see this project to fruition.