Relationship Between Magnet Status and Hospital Readmission Rates of Medicare Patients

Relationship Between Magnet Status and Hospital Readmission Rates of Medicare Patients

Author: 
Eileen Good
Program of study: 
D.H.A.
Abstract: 
Increasing health care expenses are one factor causing the United States (U.S.) to experience significant financial challenges. An estimated 17 billion dollars is being spent annually on unplanned hospital readmissions of Medicare patients. Financial incentives have been developed in response to the Affordable Care Act (ACA) to reduce costs and improve care for the U.S. Medicare population. For more than twenty years, hospitals with Magnet status have shown high quality performance. Minimal research has been conducted to examine the relationship between Magnet status and hospital readmissions rates of Medicare patients. The purpose of this quantitative, correlational study was to analyze the relationship between hospital Magnet status and hospital readmission rates of Medicare patients. The population for this study was 2,693 hospitals subject to the ACA financial incentive program to lower hospital readmissions rates of Medicare patients. Point-biserial statistics were used to analyze the relationship. A significant relationship was found between Magnet status and hospital readmission rates of Medicare patients (rpb = -.04, p = .025). Other variables of interest, hospital size, hospital teaching status, hospital profit status, and hospital readmission rates of Medicare patients were also analyzed. Significant relationships were found between these variables and hospital readmission rates of Medicare patients. Differences in hospital geographic region and rates of readmission were also analyzed using ANOVA. The findings of this study can be used to raise awareness of leaders in health care about the relationship and will serve as a baseline to conduct additional studies to examine causal relationships.