Online Versus Blended Learning: Learning Spanish as a Second Language Via Multimodal Methods

Online Versus Blended Learning: Learning Spanish as a Second Language Via Multimodal Methods

Author: 
Soledad Garcia-King
Program of study: 
Ed.D./ET
Abstract: 
The purpose of this quantitative descriptive comparative study was to compare the efficacy of multimodal technology as an instructional language acquisition tool in Spanish second language courses in small community colleges of central New Mexico. The study included 112 Spanish second language learners taking Spanish 101 and Spanish 102 using multimodal resources in two central New Mexico community colleges. Sources of data included student exam results and a Likert-type scale survey. The results revealed that students fared similarly well in both blended and online learning environments. Student exams did not show a significant difference in final presentation scores nor in four language skills scores. There was also no significant difference in student attitudes between the two learning environments. Students expressed positive results toward using multimodal resources in their Spanish classes. According to the results of this study, both blended and online students enjoy using different types of technological learning tools and their scores show that the use of technology can benefit both blended and online learning students.
Dedication: 
First and foremost I would like to thank God for giving me this opportunity along with the time, wisdom, dedication, and persistence to continue this journey to the very end. Thank you for guiding my path and helping me accomplish this goal. To my father, Blas Garcia, who thought he would not live long enough to see me graduate from high school. You were there to see me graduate high school and receive a Bachelor’s degree along with two Master’s. With all my heart I wish you could have been there to see me earn a Doctorate degree as well but God had other plans for both of us. I dedicate this work to you. Que en paz descanses. To my mother, Elisa Castillo, who still struggles as a second language learner. I want you to know that your sacrifices in coming to this country as a field worker all your life so that we would have a good life were not in vain. Madre, viniste a este país en busca de oportunidad y una mejor vida. Tus sacrificios han ayudado a cada uno de tus hijos. Agradezco todo lo que has hecho por nosotros y sé que Dios te repagara en esta vida y en el cielo. To my wonderful husband, Otto King, I cannot thank you enough for the support you have given me through life and this particular journey. You have been there for me in the times I when I was perplexed and discouraged and have celebrated with me in the times I have succeeded. I am very well aware of the sacrifices you made in your own goals to see me accomplish mine. It has not gone unnoticed and when the time comes I am willing to do the same for you. To my children, Nadine, Audwin and Odin, I have said from the beginning that I am doing this for you. In accomplishing this feat, I hope that I have taught you that even a second language learner, daughter of field laborers, with no other family member having made it this far, even I, was able to get this far and I sincerely hope that you will outdo me. I hope that I have set a good example for you. Thank you for putting up with my schedule to get this done. To my dear friend Mary Ann Cordova who encouraged me 6 years ago. Six years have gone by anyway, as you said, and look how much I have accomplished in those six years. To my colleagues Sherri Fleischer and Edith Dominguez, thank you for being there when I needed a shoulder to cry on. Thank you for being my cheerleaders who kept me going even when I thought I ran out of steam. I also cannot forget the help I received from Gina Kasky and Karen Acree at the very moment when I most needed help. I would also like to thank the rest of my Ann Parish support system: Teresa Anglada, Paulina Merida, and Nathan Work. Thank you for helping me in that final stretch. Last but not least, Dr. Sylvia Galvez and Dr. Barclie Gallogray who started this journey and took classes with me. You know the struggle and both of you were my inspiration to keep going. I am happy to see we all made it. To all the people who have given me support throughout this journey, there are so many to name all, a sincere thank you for believing I could do this.
Acknowledgements: 
I would like to acknowledge a few people whom made this accomplishment possible for me. I would like to extend my most sincere and heartfelt gratitude to my Dissertation Chair, Dr. Karen Johnson. I feel honored to have worked with you and have you as my guide in this dissertation process. You go above and what I expected from a dissertation chair. You show much compassion, patience, and dedication toward all your doctoral students. I could not have done this without your support. I am thankful you accepted to work with me. Thank you for your feedback, guidance and allowing me to grow as a doctoral learner. I am forever grateful. Dr. Debra Tucker and Dr. Neysa Hatcher, I am also very grateful for your support and expertise. I appreciate your time, feedback and patience with me throughout this process. Without you, I could not have gotten this far. Thank you so much for accepting to work with me. I thank you from the bottom of my heart. Dr. Jonathan Feinn, there are no words to describe the gratitude I feel toward you and the amount of time you spent in helping me improve my thoughts and writing. Thank you for being the light at the end of the tunnel when I was surrounded by darkness. I cannot express how grateful I am that you were there for me. Dr. Damián Wilson, thank you for supporting me in the small details that allowed me to move forward. Dr. Lorena Galván and Dr. Danizete Martinez, I appreciate your help with the data process. Thank you for your time. I appreciate every bit of help I got from every person who supported me even in the slightest way. It could not have been possible without the support of all those who helped me along the way. Last, but not least, thank you to all the participants. Without your participation there would be no study. I appreciate each and every one of you.