Nigerian Male Nurses' Perceptions of Nursing: A Qualitative Case Study

Nigerian Male Nurses' Perceptions of Nursing: A Qualitative Case Study

Author: 
Joseph Esinte
Program of study: 
Ph.D./NUR
Abstract: 
The public views men who enter into nursing as going against the societal norms due to the general perception of nursing as a feminine profession. At one point in her history, Nigeria had more male nurses than female nurses. But today male nurses account for only about six percent of the nursing population. Male nurses’ perceptions of nursing greatly influence their decision to either leave or remain in the profession. The purpose of this study was to explore the perception Nigerian male nurses have about nursing as a career. This was accomplished by exploring the factors that influenced male nurses to choose nursing, the factors that will influence them to leave or remain in the profession, and by analyzing the experiences of male nurses both as nursing students and as practicing nurses. The psychosocial theory of Symbolic Interactionism was the selected theoretical framework for the study. Using a case study approach, semi-structured interviews with 15 Nigerian male nurses practicing in the United States were conducted to provide the data for the study. The face to face interviews were audiotape recorded and transcribed and the results were coded and analyzed to identify common themes that portrayed how the male nurses perceive nursing as a career. The five major themes that emerged from the data were: financial consideration, poor social status, women’s job, discrimination against men, and preferential treatment. The findings of the study have implications for various stakeholders such as nurse administrators, nurse education and policy makers. Nurse administrators and nurse educators should promote gender neutrality in nursing by providing a level playing ground for both male and female nurses. Policy makers should make efforts to change the public perception of nursing as a feminine profession to that of a gender neutral profession.
Dedication: 
I dedicate this dissertation to God and my family. I dedicate it to God for protecting and guiding me through the process. I dedicate it to my family for the understanding, patience, and tolerance for the number of hours I spent on the computer and for shouldering the household responsibilities while I concentrate on my studies.
Acknowledgements: 
I would like to acknowledge the almighty God for his grace and mercies in my life and throughout this protracted and tedious journey. I will also thank my family for their endurance, tolerance, patience, support and understanding throughout the course of my studies. I am grateful to my beloved wife, Florence for standing by me even when things are very rough and for shouldering the family responsibilities while I devote myself to this journey. I am very proud of and grateful to my three daughters Ifiemi, Nengi, and Preye for their understanding and for realizing that Daddy is studying and should not be disturbed. I hope that this my accomplishment with serve as an inspiration and a motivation for you to strike in life. I cannot fail to acknowledge my mother who laid the foundation upon which I have rose to this level of life. I would also like to acknowledge my pastor, Mr. Vincent Omusi, for his encouragement and prayers. My special thanks go to my dissertation chair, Dr. Margaret Kroposki, for her guidance, support, encouragement and for tolerating my short comings. I can recall your words of encouragement when the road seems impossible and I contemplated on giving up. My thanks and appreciation also goes to the other members of my dissertation committee, Dr. Pamela Holloway and Dr. Pamela Springer, for the contributions, support, and understanding. I would also like to thank my motherly friend and colleague, Mary Watson for her prayers, support, and encouragement. Even when I told you I was tired of the program and was planning to withdraw, you always say, “I know you can do it.” Finally, I would like to thank all my friends and well wishers whose encouragement and inspiration has helped to make this adventure a possibility.