Middle School Special Education Standardized Reading Test Scores: A Quasi-experimental Study

Middle School Special Education Standardized Reading Test Scores: A Quasi-experimental Study

Author: 
Leonard B. Jackson
Program of study: 
Ed.D./CI
Abstract: 
The purpose of this quantitative retrospective quasi-experimental study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference between sixth, seventh, and eighth grade special education students receiving multiple instructional strategies and sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students receiving traditional instructional strategies. This study was based on the previously taken standardized Criterion Referenced Competency Test in reading. The study took place in a Southwest Georgia School District. Multiple instructional strategies such as small groups and computerized reading lessons were used in the inclusion-reading classrooms. The reading teachers believed the inclusion model would not be beneficial. The researcher examined one main research question with supporting hypotheses. The main research question was answered whether there is a statistically significant difference between students receiving multiple instructional strategies and students receiving traditional instructional strategies. The experimental group for this study received inclusion instruction while the controlled group received traditional instruction. A data analysis was completed and based on the findings, students receiving traditional instruction achieved a mean score of 830. The inclusion students receiving multiple instruction achieved a mean score of 818. Despite the difference in mean scores, the inclusion students were also successful. The researcher focused on the issue to show there are positive outcomes from implementing inclusion. Recommendations involving a reading intervention such as guided reading groups, backwards design planning, and collaborative instruction were noted. A one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) analysis tested significance and two-way ANOVA tested interaction. Both analyses were set at the .05 significance level to interpret the data.
Dedication: 
“I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help…” Psalm 121 I would like to dedicate this Bible passage to my support system; my mother, father, brother, grandmother, and sisters for being that extra source of strength. This project would not have been possible to complete without their unconditional love and support. They all encouraged me to keep going and do not give up on completing this part of my educational journey. I love you all. There is one particular Bible verse that has meaning to me, so allow me to end by saying: “The race is not to the swift nor battle to the strong…” (Ecclesiastes, 9:11). This Bible verse has been consistently on my mind throughout this entire process.
Acknowledgements: 
“Give People Their Flowers While They are Living” ~Unknown I would like to give a few special “shout outs.” The first one goes out to my incredible dissertation chair Marvin Anthony. Thank you, Dr. Anthony, for guiding me every step of the way along this journey. I think all of the emails and phone calls have been worth it. You did not get frustrated with me even when I would get a little discouraged. You kept sending me reminders to keep going, hang on in there, and keep up the great work, so thank you from the bottom of my heart, sir. The second special “shout out” goes to my amazing and supporting committee members, Dr. Fedock, and Dr. Gilbert. Thank you both for lending your expertise and support to me along this journey as well. I could email you all with drafts and you would guide me through the ways of improvements. It means a great deal to me that you all remained with me and encouraged me as well. Their advice and support did not go unnoticed. Last, I would like extend a “shout out” to my brother, Jernard Jackson. Thank you for always being there for me no matter the situation. I appreciate how you have kept me encouraged along the way. The days where you saw me wanting to be done, you would call and check up on me to see how “everything was going?” It was at those moments where I truly thank the higher power for putting you into my life as a brother. I love you. I hope I encouraged you just as much as you were encouraging to me. I was a source of encouragement to you as well. You are on a very similar journey. I send extra blessings to you! 