Influences of Significant Role Models Affecting Leadership Development Among Black Adolescent Males

Influences of Significant Role Models Affecting Leadership Development Among Black Adolescent Males

Author: 
Vivian M. Jackson
Abstract: 
The purpose of this study was examine a construct, relationship perceptions of the protégé by comparing t score means of the mentoring relationship and other proximal relationships-mother, father, peers, and teachers. The study targeted (a) Black adolescent males, (b) ages 12 to 17 years old, (c) enrolled in grades seven through 11 in school, and (d) involved a community-based mentoring program in suburban Washington, DC, which includes parts of Maryland. A nonintervention cross-sectional quantitative study design was used to examine the construct of perceived relationships of the protégé by comparing t score means from data collected using the Clinical Assessment of Interpersonal Relationships (a context-dependent, Likert-type, scale composed of five relationship scales of 35 items each). Three research questions guiding the study were: How does the protégé rate the mentoring relationship compared with either parental relationship? How does the protégé rate the mentoring relationship compared with the peers’ relationship? How does the protégé rate the mentoring relationship compared with the teachers’ relationship? The sample consisted of 13 Black adolescent males (n = 13). The mentoring relationship received significantly higher ratings than the proximal relationships with the exception of the father relationship. Adolescents 12 to 15 years old rated the mentoring relationship higher than the proximal relationships but shifted higher ratings to the parental relationship during ages 16 to17 years old. It was recommended that mentors be instructed regarding (a) role relationships, (b) proper boundaries, (c) collaborating with protégé in planning the mentoring experience, and (d) the importance of mutual respect.
Dedication: 
This work is dedicated to the young men of the nation who are yet to be mentored. The mores of science, business, media, finance, education, government, and religion are gems to mine. Remember, everyone needs someone to show them the ropes.
Acknowledgements: 
I am thankful for the support of my husband and daughters throughout the process. I am grateful to my dissertation committee members who walked with me through the last five years of cancer treatments, missed deadlines, and numerous revisions. I am grateful to all my friends at HOPE, my mama, E. Alexander-Booker, and Aunt Lillie. They never ceased to pray, and missed a few meals along the ten-year journey. I am grateful for the tenacity of my physician, Isabella C. Martire, whose determination and dedication gave me back my dignity despite the wickedness of chemotherapy.