Gender Discrimination Lawsuits in Telecommunications Companies 1991-2016: A Qualitative Content Analysis

Gender Discrimination Lawsuits in Telecommunications Companies 1991-2016: A Qualitative Content Analysis

Author: 
Mary Nunally Smith
Program of study: 
D.M.
Abstract: 
The general problem is that despite the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1991, gender discrimination still exists in the United States. The specific problem is that women have to put forth more effort and time than do men to be accepted, recognized, or rewarded as equally as are men in their workplaces. The purpose of the qualitative content analysis is to investigate post-1991 claims of gender discrimination against women in the telecommunications industry that have been brought to the attention of the legal system. The intent of this study was to determine through themes and patterns why gender bias persists despite the Civil Rights Act of 1991. The findings revealed that gender discrimination lawsuits have been won in court 11 times in the 25 years between 1991 and 2016. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 is working because women have won a lawsuit for gender discrimination every other year since the legislation was enacted. This further shows that the legal system has made positive changes for women in the telecommunications industry.
Dedication: 
To God be the glory for all He has done! This dissertation is dedicated in loving memory to my mother, Mae Belle Nunally, a beautiful woman inside and out, who always loved me despite my circumstances. My mother was a God-fearing woman who left a legacy of love for other people, and I am a product of her nurturing spirit. I will continue to emulate her by being a good role model and mentor for my children and others. I also dedicate this dissertation to my deceased Uncle Jesse Bennett who always had my back no matter what, and to my deceased father-in-law, Vernon Smith. To Loistine Jiles, a phenomenal woman, you will forever be in my heart. Last, this dissertation is dedicated to all of the courageous women in the executive offices of Fortune 500 telecommunication corporations who struggle with gender discrimination daily but continue to smile and be winners in their workplace. You are champions!
Acknowledgements: 
First, I want to thank God, for without Him, none of this would have been possible. I am so thankful for the support of my husband, Michael Smith, and my two daughters, Jessica Rhodes and Maya Smith. I love you unconditionally! To my daddy, Roosevelt Nunally, you will always be my hero. Thank you all for your love and support throughout this journey. In a special way, I acknowledge Steve Shaw, a man who saw something in me that I did not even see in myself. He believed in me enough to promote me into management in 2000, and I have trended upward since. I would like to thank my chairperson Dr. Vicki Purslow, who offered countless hours of support as I completed my doctoral degree. I am grateful for my committee members Dr. Nancy Arduengo and Dr. Elizabeth Young who believed in me and provided me their guidance. This doctoral journey has not been completed without hard work, struggles, and tears at times, but I would do it all over again because it was definitely worth it. Thank you to all of my family and friends for your support, meals when I was too tired to cook (San), and for always encouraging me to believe I could finish. A special thanks to Shurronda Barker, Tullikki Barry, Gwendolyn Smith Clark, Tundra King, Coretta Morgan, Sandra Scott, Nicole Allen-Thomas, and Ferleshall Turner for motivating me to succeed. To my colleagues, “Team Champions,” I will forever appreciate all of your prayers and encouragement. My Bishop, Dr. Clarence E. Glover, his beautiful wife, First Lady Beulah Glover, and my entire Mt. Bethel Ministries family, words cannot express my thanks for your ongoing prayers and words of wisdom. I thank each of you for your support, your efforts, and the time that you unselfishly gave in supporting my dream. May God bless you and enrich your lives as you have enriched mine.