Examining the Factors of Leadership in Project Management: A Qualitative Multiple Case Study

Examining the Factors of Leadership in Project Management: A Qualitative Multiple Case Study

Author: 
Cheryl L. Swanigan
Program of study: 
D.M.
Abstract: 
Recent studies specific to project management suggest to deliver successful projects there is a need for leadership in project management. Whereas, prior project management literature largely ignored the role of leadership, the competency of leadership within projects and the leadership styles of project managers. IT projects are unsuccessful because they fail to meet projected timelines, budgets, and there is a lack of demonstrated leadership behavior. However, leadership appears to be an ignored component of project management. This qualitative multi-case study examines the factors of leadership in project management from three IT project managers with two years of experience in implementing successful projects in the healthcare industry. The study included collecting information via a semi-structured interview from the project managers on the factors that influence them to demonstrate leadership behavior, and what specific leadership behaviors were demonstrated or perceived as being demonstrated when implementing a project. In addition, project managers were asked to provide their project success criteria/definition along with documentation (i.e. project work plan) to support their claim of success. The data from the interview and supporting documentation was analyzed and interpreted to derive meaningful insights per research questions. The outcomes of this study may prove to be beneficial in understanding leadership behaviors in project management.
Acknowledgements: 
This study is dedicated to my mother, Frances Carol Akers, who passed away right before my doctoral journey. To my father, Raymond F. Akers, Sr., who encouraged me to go on to complete my doctoral degree. To my husband, Terry L. Swanigan, who has been my constant support and encouragement throughout this journey; I could not have done this with our you. Thank you for being understanding on those nights when I had to focus – this is for both of us! To my four beautiful daughters, Melissa A. Walker, Terry L. Russell, Raechel L. Swanigan, and Shawndra F. Swanigan; I opened this door, now you must keep the door open. To my five awesome grandchildren, Evan, Terry, Ka’Ron, Adam, and Emma. Thank you all for supporting me and giving me the time to complete this journey. To my spiritual leaders and friends Bishop Hugh D. Smith, Jr. and Pastor Letha Smith, who helped to align me for this journey and encouraged me along the way. Special thanks to Dr. Barbara Taylor, who has not only helped me work through this process, but encouraged and celebrated with me at every milestone. I really appreciate everything you have done to help me get through this journey. Thank you to my committee members, Dr. Kathleen Hargiss and Cydney Mullen, who provided me with timely and invaluable input. I appreciate you both. In addition, I would also like to give God the ultimate thanks who gave me the grace, strength, and health to make it through this journey. Finally, I would like to thank the three participants that were willing to participate in this study