Examining Authentic Leadership Behaviors, Structural Distance, Trust, and Non-manager Employee Engagement: A Correlational Study

Examining Authentic Leadership Behaviors, Structural Distance, Trust, and Non-manager Employee Engagement: A Correlational Study

Author: 
Nicholas J. McAuliffe
Program of study: 
Ph.D./IO Psych
Abstract: 
Three instruments were electronically administered to 87 non-manager library employees across three U.S. States to determine what relationships, if any, existed between perceptions of Authentic Leadership and trust with self-ascribed employee engagement for two levels of leadership. The Authentic Leadership Questionnaire was used to measure Authentic Leadership. The Organizational Trust Inventory was used to measure trust. The Utrecht Work Engagement Scale was used to measure self-ascribed employee engagement. The results indicated that there were statistically significant relationships between perceptions of authentic leadership and trust in Direct Mangers and self-ascribed employee engagement and moderate correlations. There was no relationship between trust of Senior Supervisors and engagement, and there was a slightly inverse relationship between time at current job and engagement. While other studies have shown moderate to high correlation between leadership style and employee engagement, this study was novel in the approach to measure perceptions of non-managers only and collecting data on two levels of leadership. Recommendations for future research include expanding the research to different sectors, using a qualitative or mixed-methodological approach, and continuing efforts to both determine the antecedents of, and generate a unified definition of employee engagement.
Dedication: 
I dedicate this dissertation to my parents, my girls, and my clients. Your belief and support inspires me.
Acknowledgements: 
No undertaking of study is done without the unwavering support and guidance of those who have come before you. First and foremost I would like to acknowledge the support, care, encouragement, and lessons learned by Dr. Nancy S. Bostain, you are a gift. I would like to acknowledge the contributions and guidance of my dissertation committee members Dr. Witchel and Dr. Petronio. Your feedback, attention to detail, and vast experience will never be forgotten. Thank you to the library directors and library employees who participated in this study. Thank you to ALL libraries for your invaluable contributions to society.