The Decline of Handwriting and the Effectiveness of Handwritten Communication: A Grounded Theory Study

The Decline of Handwriting and the Effectiveness of Handwritten Communication: A Grounded Theory Study

Author: 
Rose A. Heavens
Program of study: 
Ed.D./CI
Abstract: 
Handwriting has become a problem in the classroom since teachers are marking and failing students because of poor penmanship. The problem is the replacement of handwriting due to many factors in the school environment. This qualitative grounded research study was to develop a new theory on the decline of handwriting and the effectiveness of handwritten communication using collected data from current teachers in learning center to an elementary setting. This research was completed and compiled using a one-on-one interview with 17 teachers, describing their lived experiences and perceptions on the decline of handwriting and the effectiveness of handwritten communication in the classroom. The analysis of the collected data from the respondents resulted into seven final themes: (a) Handwriting skills and ideas are correlated; (b) Handwriting skills affect academic performance, (c) Structured handwriting curriculum in schools, (d) Technology replacing handwriting skills, (e) Techniques to improve handwriting skills, (f) Practice and support from family and teachers with handwriting skills, and (g) Modified teaching handwriting strategies to fit all children needs. Findings from the study demonstrated the need for handwriting in the classroom beginning from preschool.
Dedication: 
To my Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, I thank you for giving me the strength to finish this journey. I hope the educational pathway I have taken may be a path or steppingstone for the advancement of your work and kingdom. I am dedicating this dissertation to my mother Marjorie Williams Grant. Alzheimer’s has robbed you of the joy of seeing me graduate with my doctorate. You no longer have a voice, but I know you are saying, “You go girl, I am proud of you.” To my late, father Ainsley Grant: If you were here, I know you would be beaming with pride. To my late aunt Dr. Clover Thompson Gordon who inspired me to be a teacher: You have taught me to be a phenomenal woman of substance and instilled in me the need that higher education is worth having. As you have stated, “You may socialize, but never compromise your education.” It is with love and sincere gratitude that I write this dedication to the people who have supported me in this academic accomplishment. The journey has been long, with many sacrifices. To my family and friends, thank you for your support, encouragement, and understanding. I have swum to the abyss of life, I have climbed the highest mountain of life, and I have been to hell and back, but the one thing that has kept me going through this journey is my faith in Jesus and his promises.
Acknowledgements: 
First, I would like to acknowledge God, who has been constantly blessing me with perseverance and intelligence to complete this task. Special acknowledgements to my doctoral dissertation committee chair Dr. B. Ivan Strom, who has been patient with me through my many struggles of life. Your patience, advice, and guidance throughout this academic journey have taught me the true meaning of self-perseverance. Thank you! Dr. Dennis Barrett and Dr. Margaret Boice: thank you for your time, support, and patience. I would like to acknowledge my academic advisors and financial advisor, especially Cara Ross. You all make me feel that I matter to the University of Phoenix. To the staffs and principal of New Covenant: Thank you. To the other staffs who participated: Thank you very much. It would not be possible without all of you. To my family members: My daughter Serene Heavens, thank you for understanding and giving me the time to complete this academic journey. To my daughter Alyssa Heavens: Thank you being a big sister and for making my life a little easier. My sister Jacqueline Reynolds: You were my rock. Thank you for pushing me and telling me not to quit. You are the one constant champion in my life. My niece Diamond Reynolds: As you continue on your academic journey, remember life has its vicissitudes, but there is a light at the end of tunnel. Karresa Grant, my niece: I am finally done! Michelle Miller-Stalling, my darling cousin, thank you for telling me I am your inspiration and for helping me become more proficient in using Excel. To all my other family members and friends who have motivated me: Your prayers and love have strengthened me to complete this project. I truly appreciate everyone who inspired me, thank you.