An etic approach to examine EE building in the MENA region

The study of EE at country level is often examined within the boundary of a country’s own institutions, infrastructure, culture, and people, without considering major external influences from other countries or world power. Past literature in EE seldom discusses the relevance and importance of global geopolitical issues impacting a country’s path to EE building. Given the imbalance of world power among nations, in the study of developing economies and their EE, it is important to understand geopolitical issues and their impact on indigenous EE formation. This study examines the influence of U.S. historical foreign policies and U.S. funded activities that are relevant to the formation of EE in two countries in the MENA region - Egypt and Morocco. We use a historical lens to chronicle US-led formal and informal entrepreneurial activities within the two indigenous settings. Further, we use a process approach to trace the sequential development of EE in these two countries. The combination of a historical lens and a process approach in analysing these two countries shed light on the overall U.S. led external influence in the formation of EE in MENA region.

Event or Conference: 
Southern Regional Science Organization
Presentation Attachment(s): 
Abstract: 
The study of EE at country level is often examined within the boundary of a country’s own institutions, infrastructure, culture, and people, without considering major external influences from other countries or world power. Past literature in EE seldom discusses the relevance and importance of global geopolitical issues impacting a country’s path to EE building. Given the imbalance of world power among nations, in the study of developing economies and their EE, it is important to understand geopolitical issues and their impact on indigenous EE formation. This study examines the influence of U.S. historical foreign policies and U.S. funded activities that are relevant to the formation of EE in two countries in the MENA region - Egypt and Morocco. We use a historical lens to chronicle US-led formal and informal entrepreneurial activities within the two indigenous settings. Further, we use a process approach to trace the sequential development of EE in these two countries. The combination of a historical lens and a process approach in analysing these two countries shed light on the overall U.S. led external influence in the formation of EE in MENA region.