Scholarship of Integration

Scholarship of Integration

"Integration is the disciplined work that makes connections among isolated works and fields, placing facts into context, interprets, and draws new insight into research." – Boyer, 1990

What is Scholarship of Integration?

The scholarship of integration creates connections across disciplines by situating isolated facts within the larger body of knowledge, both within and across areas of research and including global initiatives. This domain of scholarship happens when scholars put isolated facts into perspective, “making connections across the disciplines, placing the specialties in larger context, illuminating data in a revealing way”. By doing scholarship of integration, isolated facts are interpreted and drawn together in a way that brings new insight and understandings.

Common examples of scholarship of integration are literature reviews, textbooks, critical reviews, meta-analysis, colloquia work, and giving a disciplinary perspective in a talk to a cross-discipline or lay audience.  

Why is the Scholarship of Integration important?  

The purpose of the scholarship of integration is to interpret the use of knowledge across disciplines.

The scholarship of integration adds value by giving meaning and context to the scholarship of discovery.  The interactions across disciplinary lines advances the state of academia by collaboratively identifying trends, next questions, and societal meta-problems. Faculty benefit from engaging in the scholarship of integration by gaining a deeper understanding of their discipline as well as others, possibly leading to a next direction for research.  The process of making connections expands thinking. 

What does engaging in the Scholarship of Integration look like?

Scholars engaging in the scholarship of integration answer broad questions, such as:

  • What do the findings mean?
  • What is being left out of this approach or design? 
  • Is it possible to interpret what's been discovered in ways that provide a larger, more comprehensive understanding?

Answering these questions requires creative thinking and interpretation of a large body of knowledge.  Methods focus on the interpretation of isolated facts, not the pursuit of new facts.  Interactions between at least two disciplines are required; researchers must work collaboratively and interdisciplinary.  

Scholarship of Integration at UOPX

Here are examples of our faculty completing scholarship of Integration:

Avella, J.T., Kebritchi, M., Nunn, S., and Kanai, T. (2016). Learning analytics methods, benefits, and challenges in higher education: A systematic literature review. Online Learning Journal, 20(2), 1-17.

Bearden, F.C., and Rodriguez, J. (2015). A study of recognizing conflicts of interest in pending financial planning engagements. Journal of Financial Counseling and Planning, 26(2), 1-12.

Cruz, J.L., and Blancero, D.M. (2016). Latina/o professionals’ Career Success: Bridging the corporate American divide. Journal of Career Development.

Cruz, J.L., Molina, M.S., and Rivera, J. (2015). La Voz de la Abogada Latina: Challenges and rewards in serving the public interest. CUNY Law Review, 14(1), 147-214.

Johnson, R.D. (2016). Integrated management in the building industry: An interpretative perspective of integrated project delivery. The Nontrad Journal, 18, 41-50.

Sandberg, D.S. (2017). Medical Tourism: An emerging global healthcare industry. International Journal of Healthcare Management,


Find Support at UOPX:

The UOPX Library:  an excellent academic literature resources to search for articles within and across your discipline.

Additional Resources:

Recommended readings: 

Read more: Professional and Academic Articles about Integration:

Read four researchers discuss their foray into the scholarship of integration: Towards a Scholarship of Integration: Lessons from Four Cases

Have a resource to add?  Contact us at