Mixed Methods

Leader: Dr. Ryan Rominger

Mixed Methods Research

Mixed methods studies are unique in that they combine qualitative [QUAL] and quantitative [QUANT] research within a single study. The emphasis on qualitative or quantitative research methods, when each data set is collected, and the relationship between the sets of data all determine the type of mixed method one may utilize. While mixed methods may also combine various ontologies and epistemologies, often the study follows a pragmatic perspective, using the appropriate research tools to meet the study's needs. Often one goal found within a mixed method study is triangulation, or the understanding of a given phenomenon from different vantage points. The basic belief is that by using both QUANT and QUAL, a researcher may expand, deepen, or further explain the topic at hand. However, a cautionary note for researchers in a time crunch (such as doctoral students), a mixed methods study often takes longer to conduct, and one must have skills in both QUANT and QUAL research methods.

If you would like to engage others in meaningful dialogue regarding using mixed methods designs, please do visit the Mixed Methods Research forum!

Mixed Methods Research Resources


Creswell, J. W. (2014). A concise introduction to mixed methods research (sage mixed

     methods research). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Creswell, J. W., & Plano Clark, V. L. (2017). Designing and conducting mixed methods research

     (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. ISBN: 978-1412975179

DeCuir-Gunby, J., & Schutz, P. A. (2016). Developing a mixed methods proposal: A practical

     guide for beginning researchers (mixed methods research series). Thousand Oaks, CA:


Ivankova, N. V. (2014). Implementing quality criteria in designing and conducting a sequential

     QUAN – QUAL mixed methods study of student engagement with learning applied

     research methods online. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 8(1), 25-51. DOI:


Mertens, D. M. (2014). A momentous development in mixed methods research. Journal of

     Mixed Methods Research, 8(1), 3-5. DOI: 10.1177/1558689813518230

Plano Clark, V. L., & Creswell, J. W. (2007). The mixed methods reader. Thousand Oaks, CA:

     Sage. ISBN: 978-1412951456

Plano Clark, V. L., & Ivankova, N. V. (2015). Mixed methods research: A guide to the field (mixed

     methods research series). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Tashakkori, A., & Teddlie, C. (1998). Mixed methodology: Combining qualitative and

     quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Teddlie, C. B., & Tashakkori, A. M. (2008). Foundations of mixed methods research: Integrating

     quantitative and qualitative approaches in the social and behavioral sciences.

     Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Examples of Studies Using Mixed Methods

Almpanis, T. (2016). Using a mixed methods research design in a study investigating the ‘heads

     of e-learning’ perspective towards technology enhanced learning. The Electronic Journal

     of e-Learning, 14(5), 301-311. Available online at

Blizzard, A. M., Weiss, C. L., Wideman, R., & Stephan, S. H. (2016). Caregiver perspectives during

     the post inpatient hospital transition: A mixed methods approach. Child Youth Care

     Forum, 45, 759-780. DOI 10.1007/s10566-016-9358-x

Cegielski, C. G. (2016). Knowledge, skills, and abilities for entry-level business analytics

     positions: A multi-method study. Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education,

     14(1), 91-118.

Gutterman, T. C., & Mitchell, N. (2016). The role of leadership and culture in creating

     meaningful awareness: A mixed method case study. Innovations in Higher Education, 41,

     43-57. DOI 10.1007/s10755-015-9330-y

Lenz, A. S., & Lancaster, C. (2015). A mixed-methods evaluation of intensive trauma-focused

     programming. Journal of Counseling & Development, 95, 24-34. DOI:


Özden, M. (2015). Prospective elementary school teacher’s views about socioscientific issues: A

     concurrent parallel design study. International Electronic Journal of Elementary

     Education, 7(3), 333-354.

Sagkal, A. S., Turnuklu, A., & Totan, T. (2016). Peace education’s effects on aggression: A mixed

     method study. Eurasian Journal of Education Research, 64, 45-68.

Sterrett, E. M., Kincaid, C., Ness, E., Gonzales, M., McKee, L. G., & Jones, D. J. (2015). Youth

     functioning in the coparenting context: A mixed methods study of African American

     single mother families. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24, 455-469. DOI: 10.1007/s10826-013-9857-4

Wynants, S. A., & Dennis, J. M. (2017). Embracing diversity and accessibility: A mixed methods

     study of the impact of an online disability awareness program. Journal of Postsecondary

     Education and Disability, 30(1), 33-48.


Journal of Mixed Methods Research

International Journal of Social Research Methodology, Mixed Methods virtual issue

General Resources: Videos and Websites

CAQD. (2016). Advances in Mixed Methods Research–John W. Creswell–Keynote at the 2016

CAQD Conference. Video on YouTube:

Creswell, J. (2013). What is Mixed Methods Research. Video on YouTube:

Creswell, J. (2013). What Skills are Needed for Mixed Methods Research? Video on YouTube:

Rominger, R. (2015). Mixed Methods. Video on YouTube:

Sage Research Methods / Sage Campus: