A Correlational Study Exploring Faculty-to-Faculty Incivility and Supervisory Resonant Leadership

A Correlational Study Exploring Faculty-to-Faculty Incivility and Supervisory Resonant Leadership

Author: 
Katherine Ruth Casale
Program of study: 
Ph.D./NUR
Abstract: 
The purpose of this quantitative descriptive correlational study was to explore the relationship between the frequency of observed or experienced faculty-to-faculty incivility among nurses in academia and the observed level of resonant leadership of their immediate supervisors. Despite current initiatives by governing and accrediting bodies to minimize uncivil interactions in health care, nurse faculty report high levels of horizontal incivility among their peers. Universities need to be able to recruit and retain satisfied nurse faculty to educate sufficient numbers of nurses to address prospective and actual nursing shortages around the globe. Knowledge gained in this study can be used to support recruitment and retention of satisfied nursing faculty. The study location was a New England state. Study participants included 139 nursing faculty from 17 universities and colleges who were contacted by email. Two existing survey tools, Clark’s Faculty-to-Faculty Incivility (F-FI) Survey and Cummings’s Resonant Leadership Survey – Observed, were combined into a Survey Monkey® tool that gathered nurses’ experiences with incivility and leadership behaviors. Quantitative measurement and analysis of the data revealed a significant inverse correlation between the frequency of horizontal faculty-to-faculty incivility and perceived resonant leadership behaviors of their immediate supervisors.
Dedication: 
First, last, and always…thank you to my Monkey, my soul mate, and the love of my life. You have believed in me for forty years and have helped me to finally believe in myself. You always said I could be a Doc Poc and as much as I hate being wrong, you were right. Thanks for taking care of everything in our world during the past four years while I was sitting at my computer. Most of all, thank you for believing in me and for making my life magical and full of joy every day. Thank you to my children Morgan, Kyle, and Courtney, for your enthusiasm, technological support, and for forgiving me when I was frustrated and couldn’t put being a mom first. Morgan thanks for hugging me every time I cried and said I couldn’t do it. I offer an emphatic ‘thank you’ to the people who helped me realize that this journey was possible. Erin and Natalia, you helped me find the humor and joy in every course. Vickie, Carol, and Sue, thank you for picking me up every time I faltered and for helping me to believe in my abilities. You are cherished life-long friends and colleagues. Paul, thanks for standing by on defense day for IT and mental health support.
Acknowledgements: 
This enlightening journey would not have come to fruition without the support of many colleagues and friends. My eternal thanks go to my committee members Dr. Rebecca Beck-Little, Dr. Patricia Jenkins, and Dr. Hsiu-Chin Chen, for giving me the gift of your wisdom, inspiration, and patience as you guided me along the doctoral path. Dr. Rebecca (my Chair), please know that in my mind you define collegial civility and grace; I will forever consider you to be a mentor, role model, and friend. Dr. Tricia, you inspired me so much during first year residency – I still see your smiling face in my mind as you encouraged me to try on-line teaching (I listened to you and I love it!). I would also like to say a special ‘thank you’ to Dr. Cynthia Clark and Dr. Greta Cummings, who created tools to measure faculty-to-faculty incivility and resonant leadership and so graciously offered to let me use them to gather data for my study. Dr. Clark, thank you for spotlighting the importance of civility to the future of nursing and the future of humankind; you are a visionary and my professional hero. It is with profound appreciation that I also acknowledge all of the deans, program chairs, professors, and facilitators at the University of Phoenix who touched my life and influenced my learning during the last several years. I would like to add a special thanks to Giles, my first academic counselor, who convinced me that I was capable of learning online and spent hours teaching me how to use the online learning platform, one click at a time.