Research Projects

Here are the current research projects conducted by CEITR members related to Covid-19 Crisis.  

1. Making the Best of a Coronavirus Emergency: Development and Implementation of a Blended Approach for Teaching Preschoolers

By Martine Bates Sharp, Ed.D and Cherie Humphries, Ed.D


A few weeks into the Coronavirus outbreak, the decision was made to convert many of the schools in the United States to virtual. Educators across the country scrambled to design and implement the new model, many in a matter of days. A special challenge was deciding how to reach preschool children via distance learning, and a school system in Alabama designed a blended model, using teachers and caregivers as partners in providing instruction to 4 and 5 year olds.  Since this is a new paradigm with little research to inform preschool instruction via distance, an investigation into the efficacy of this model is warranted. The proposed study, based on Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory, will consist of an in-depth examination of the blended approach composed of distance learning, provided by the teachers, and face-to-face instruction, provided by caregivers. The research question to be explored is “How do caregivers, teachers, and administrators view the effectiveness of a blended approach to online learning for 4 and 5 year olds?” The researchers will employ a case study design, interviewing teachers, caregivers, and administrators who participated in the project. The qualitative data will be analyzed to develop a set of strategies for other early childhood educators to consider should they find it necessary or desirable to implement a distance learning program.


2. Providing alternative forms of instruction: A study of K-12 teachers during COVID-19 Crisis

By Patricia Akojie, Ph.D.


The coronavirus pandemic of 2020 took business, education, and the government sector off guard.  The problem is that students will lose instructional days if alternative forms of instructions are not provided. The purpose of the study is to identity how teachers in K-12 settings are quickly adjusting to providing alternative forms of instruction to their students with available and accessible learning management tools.  The population of study will be K-12 teachers.  A non-probability snow-ball sampling of teachers will be invited to participate in the study.  The study will gather best practices for quickly transitioning to online education in an emergency in K-12 schools.  The study will look at learning management in 21st K-12 schools.  The qualitative case study will evaluate the perception of teachers in providing instruction to K-12 students in times of crisis like the case of COVID-19.  Selected teachers will be interviewed via zoom or phone whichever is convenient for a participant.  The study will recommend alternative forms of instruction for K-12 teachers during emergencies like the COVID-19 Crisis.


3. Maintaining Academic Stability through Remote Instruction during the COVID-19 Pandemic

By Jacques Alexandre


The focus of this current study is on exploring the perceptions of teachers regarding the benefits, advantages, and inconveniences of remote instruction and the academic stability due to the change to remote instruction in the K-12 educational environment during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data collection method will be primary data in the form of questionnaire using a sample of 12 educators who practice remote teaching during the Coronavirus pandemic also referred to as  the COVID-19 pandemic. The educators, as participants, work in a large school district in the northeastern area of the United States. The participants will receive an invitation to complete an anonymous questionnaire regarding their perceptions of the benefits, advantages, and inconveniences of remote instruction and the academic stability due to the change to remote instruction . 


4. Covid-19 Pandemic, Benefits and Pitfalls

By Susan K. Steele-Moses, DNS


Advances in computer technology offer new opportunities to collect qualitative data. In qualitative research, face to face interviews and focus groups are two common data collection mechanisms. In the presence of the current pandemic, Covid-19, meeting with individuals and groups is contraindicated. The Federal mandate for social distancing has significantly affected qualitative data collection efforts. Internet mediated technology may provide an alternative for qualitative researchers. The benefits and pitfalls of using Internet mediated technology will be explored as well as best practices and research comparisons


5. What We Can Learn From The COVID-19 Pandemic: How Educational Leadership Can Best Support Teachers In Responding To Emergencies To Reduce Negative Impacts on Teacher Wellbeing

By Alice Vo Edwards, MBA. PhD Candidate

The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) has been used in multiple studies of teacher health to better understand the psychosocial risk factors teacher experience and the impact on wellbeing factors such as stress, burnout, and self-efficacy. With the recent COVID-19 Crisis forcing many teachers to move to online learning methods rapidly, little is known about how organization response has impacted teacher self-efficacy, and which factors have had the greatest impact in helping teachers feel confident that they can navigate these new methods of educational delivery. The proposed study, based on Lent and Brown’s Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT), will consist of an in-depth examination of the workplace contextual influences and the impact of COVID-19 on teachers' wellbeing. The research question to be explored is “How do differences in organizational leadership and culture impact teacher wellbeing?” The researchers will use quantitative causal-comparative research design and collect data from teachers around the world through an anonymous online survey. The quantitative data will be analyzed to assess the impact of contextual organizational factors (such as quality of leadership, social support from supervisor, social support from colleagues, and sense of community at work), on teacher wellbeing factors (such as self-efficacy, job insecurity, job satisfaction, burnout, and stress). The study will control for prior experience in online teaching and COVID-19. Findings will be used to provide recommendations to educational organizations on those factors which had the greatest positive impact on teachers, to encourage further consideration on how to increase or build upon these findings as institutions develop long-term strategic plans that include contingency planning for future online education and emergency response.