Activity Information

Activity Information

How do we do that? In 2012, I was asked to be a subject matter expert to develop advanced in-service training for Wayne County Sheriff Department (Detroit) - Corrections. The following year, Lorraine Priest and I presented a paper at the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (criminal justice professors) conference in Dallas. The paper was on the efforts of higher education to develop training for criminal justice.


In 1985, I took a statistics course at a community college. I did a survey of jails involving parity pay and attrition. A few years later, I worked with another staff member to expand the study. For many years, I was asked to redo the study. in 2014, I began a series of research studies on parity issues. Frederick Lawrence, Raymond Delaney (UOP Doctoral student- now graduated) and Pam Gordon wanted to join in the studies. The first article discussing the results will be published in Sept/ Oct 2016 by the American Jail Association (see attached).


Events in Ferguson, Baltimore, etc. provided an opportunity to expand. One to the topics I was given for Wayne County was on "Cultural Diversity" which I changed to "Cultural Conflict" because that is where the problem really lies. So we began writing papers, giving presentations and workshops on the topic. In speaking with Dr Carlos Aquino (Workplace Diversity) we decided to add another section to the Workplace Diversity section. There was already a Criminal Justice research community in the Workplace Diversity section. I decided a section on Cultural Conflict would be appropriate.


The Cultural Conflict research community consists of faculty from different colleges. A few are:


Ray Bynum- Criminal Justice

Lorraine Priest - SAS Business Admin

Frederick Lawrence - SAS Business Admin

Raymond Delaney - Criminal Justice

Maryse Nazon - Social Sciences

Debbie Ferguson - Social Sciences

Donnetta Hawkins - Social Sciences


Pam Gordon is now a fellow in Workplace Diversity.


We are slowly expanding out the topics to include offenders with special needs and reentry programs. We work together and separate on several projects. While the thought of scholarship is daunting at times, you don't have to do it by yourself. You can work with others to develop projects of common interests. There are numerous opportunities in the various sections of the Research Hub. Sometimes the toughest part is to know where to start.


About the Author

Ray Bynum



Journal of Leadership Studies-Symposium Piece-Relational Leadership: Perspectives of Key Constructs on Diversity, Inclusion, and Social Equity in Higher Education

Psychology Today
Blog Posts Published


American Psychological Association Conference-Utilizing Clinical Hypnotherapeutic Intervention with CBT to Treat Pandemic-Aug. 13-2021 Symptomology

ILA Conference Geneva Switzerland 2021
Presenter -Topic-"The Stress Arc in Leadership and 3 Powerful Disciplines for Mitigating Major Stress Impacts in a New Era"-Upcoming
Presenter -Topic-“Improving Higher Education’s Role in Diversity and Social Equity through Relational Leadership in the New Era”-Upcoming
Presenter-Topic-"Healthcare Leadership-Using Virtuous Leadership in Chaos to Reimagine Beneficial Practices of Employee Cognitive Psychology"-Upcoming
2021-Knowledge Without Boundaries National Summit-College of Doctoral Studies Research Conference-University of Phoenix-Panel Discussion-"Exploring Emergent Trends in Leadership and Education"-Based on published symposia article from the Journal of Leadership Studies-


Ray Bynum
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