July/August CLSOR Faculty and Alumni newsletter

July/August CLSOR Faculty and Alumni newsletter

In this short article, some of the achievements and successes of CLSOR faculty, alumni and other affiliates are highlighted in an effort to recognize their efforts of continuing personal research, curiosity, and promoting professionalism in their respective fields. Remember the information presented here is a brief representation of news and achievements shared. In the future, links will be embedded to each of the entries to read further details as provided in the CLOSR news center. The intention in developing the blog is to recognize the pivotal role and contributions that faculty members play in the success of College of Doctoral Studies (CDS), its students, and ultimately the larger university community.  Updates will appear on a quarterly basis or when news is shared for immediate release.

Faculty and Alumni Scholarship Peer Reviewed Journal Publications

Congratulations to Drs. McAuley, Wardle, and Purslow for their recent publications in peer reviewed journals. To learn more about each of their articles, please review the abstracts that follow.

McAuley, C. D. (2019). Relationships Matter - Ideas for Transforming the Nonprofit Boardroom. Performance Improvement58(1), 13-20. doi: 10.1002/pfi

Abstract: Nonprofit board members can display a range of leader and follower characteristics when they serve in successful organizations. Attracting board members may depend on servant-leader or exemplary-follower characteristics and the degree of trust board members have in the organization, the leadership, and among each other. Examining the relationship, if any, between servant leaders, exemplary followers and organizational trust with 12 contemporary performing arts nonprofit boards will contribute original research on a population of volunteers not previously studies in depth. The goal of this empirical research was to examine whether or not servant leader and exemplary follower styles each relate to organizational trust. The theoretical framework stemmed from research in leadership, management, organizational theory, philosophy, and psychology. The theoretical foundation of this research included Greenleaf’s (1970) servant-leader theory, Kelley’s (1992) exemplary followership style research, and the work of Nyhan and Marlowe (1997) regarding organizational trust.

Wardle, F. (2019). How I write an article. Exchange Magazine, 41 (3), 79-83.

Abstract: Many people desire to write for a variety of publications. This article describes the process used by its author to write and submit articles for publication. It begins with selecting a topic, and then continues through each step of the process until the manuscript is submitted and accepted. The approach described focuses on process, emphasizing the need to put down on paper basic ideas and concepts before revising and fine-tuning the content. While the approach works for a variety of aspiring future writers, it is particularly helpful for those who struggle with traditional approaches to writing, planning, and publishing.

Purslow, V., & Belcastro. A. (2019). Caviar and fish sticks: The marginalization of American Country Music. The International Journal of Social, Political and Community Agendas in the Arts, 14(2), 41-48. doi:10.18848/2326-9960/CGP/v14i02/41-48

Abstract: The cultural identity of America is deeply entrenched in the history of country music. Beginning as an oral tradition most associated with rural hillbillies, American country music is often seen as the music of the conservative, white, poor, rural, and working and middle classes. The simplicity of the music and lyrics, coupled with costumes to reflect hillbilly and cowboy imagery, may lead to a perception that country music lacks depth and seriousness. Country music, at its core, has a nature of questioning the status quo and highlighting the common human experience. It presents a critical opportunity to give voice to a marginalized population and understand the history of rural America, for understanding the shared human experience, and to engage the critical consciousness and counternarrative of new generations. Despite this, country music still lacks credibility as a uniquely American art form in academic circles and deserves increased scholarly inquiry.

Book Publications

Congratulations to Dr. Lynne Devnew and her colleagues for the publication of their recent book based on their work with the International Leadership Association.

Devnew, L. E.,  Janzen Le Ber, M. , Torchia, M.,  & Burke, R.J. (2019). More Women on Boards : An International Perspective. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Summary: More Women on Boards: An International Perspective is the seventh volume in the Women and Leadership: Research, Theory, and Practice book series. The purpose of this volume is to explore the complexity of issues related to increasing the number of women on boards of directors around the world: how these issues have been understood; how they have been more and less successfully addressed in different countries and industries; and how they are similar, and yet different, as a results of cultural and legal differences. In the Introduction and 18 chapters included in this book, 42 researchers, activists, and practitioners who were raised or work today in at least 17 countries on 6 continents seek to answer the questions: Why have women on boards? Why is adding women to boards so challenging? What actions increase the number of women on boards? and What can we learn from situations where there are women board members?

In seeking to answer these questions, the authors summarize previously existing research and share the results of their own recent qualitative and quantitative research studies conducted in many different countries. Both fix the woman and fix the society challenges and solutions are explored. Stories of women who have successfully joined and, in many cases, led boards of directors are shared. It is clear to us, and we believe will be clear to those who read this book, that there is no single program that will lead to gender equality on boards; however we believe that the authors in this volume provide a rich variety of research and well supported suggestions for addressing the challenges. When local cultures are considered and multiple suggestions implemented as appropriate, we are confident we will, together, increase the number of women on boards throughout the world.

Congratulations to Dr. Wardle for her publication of the book

Wardle, F. (2019). Oh boy! Strategies for teaching boys in early childhood. Lincoln, NE: Exchange Press (ISBN #978-0-942702-28-6).

Summary: Oh Boy! suggests that many of the struggles young boys have in our early childhood programs and schools are not simply a result of bad behavior. Rather, boys struggle because of a much more fundamental problem: a mismatch between how most young boys develop, grow, and learn, and the kinds of expectations, outcomes, activities, and discipline approaches used in programs during the early years.

"I think a radical change is needed in order to fully meet the needs of young boys. A place to start is recognizing that typical boy behaviors like lack of attention, risk taking, poor emotional regulation, full body movement, and messy exploration of the physical world, are the norm, and not the exception. This book hopes to aid programs as they begin to acknowledge and celebrate this norm."– Francis Wardle

Faculty and Alumni Presentations

This year the ILA  4th Women and Leadership conference  was held at 1440 Multiversity in Scotts Valley, CA nestled amongst the redwoods was co-chaired by Dr. Lynne Devnew. Through her tireless efforts, an international audience of women and men attended the conference in a serene and spiritual atmosphere sharing scholarship and developing networking opportunities to the theme of Building Solutions, Harmony and the Greater Good.

Congratulations to Dr. Samuel Hardy and Dr. Thomas E. Deering for their recent presentation.

Hardy, S. & Deering, T. E. (2019, March). Teachers’ role in free market capitalism: How teachers abet the foundations of free market capitalism. Academy for Educational Studies Critical Questions in Education Conference Savannah, GA.

Abstract: In order for an economy to function, some mechanism must exist to organize and develop the factors of production: land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurial ability. All economies face what is known as the economizing problem—how to contend with scarcity, because there are not enough resources available to satisfy all of humankind’s wants.  In this paper we will touch on public school teachers’ influence on a free market economy since two of the four factors of production are human factors: labor and entrepreneurial ability. And the importance of human capital, enhanced through an educated populace, in making the production and consumption decisions needed for the effective functioning of a market driven, free enterprise system.  

Congratulations to Dr. Boice-Pardee as she was an invited speaker at the inaugural conference of the Association of Service Excellence in Higher Education (ASEHE) hosted by Coastal Carolina University in Myrtle Beach, SC.  Dr. Boice-Pardee also serves on the Board of Directors as secretary for the association.

Boice-Pardee, H.  (2019, June).  Fighting resistance to customer service in higher education.  Invited speaker Association for Service Excellence in Higher Education (ASEHE), Myrtle Beach, SC.

Abstract: Colleges and universities around the world are exploring ways to enhance "customer service" on campus as a means of increasing student satisfaction and growing retention.  Some faculty and staff, however, vehemently resist these efforts.  This session will discuss the "resistance" to service excellence and provide strategies to respond to the resistance while building customer service initiatives.

Congratulations to Dr. McAuley for her presentations this year at the Regent University Servant Leader Roundtable held in Virginia Beach, Virginia and the Global Followership Conference which took place at the University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada. Each of the presentation titles and abstracts are as follows:

McAuley, C. D. (2019, May). Servant Leadership as an Antidote to Toxic Leadership. Regent University Servant Leader Roundtable. Virginia Beach, VA.

Abstract: Pairing servant leadership with toxic leadership is a new area of study that needs to be researched. Both are polar opposites, yet servant leadership could be a viable antidote to toxic leadership. Good Followership is key in both leadership styles. Scholars do not agree on a definition of toxic leadership, but it has been studied in academia since at least 2004. Studies have been produced showing high percentages of employees reportedly having worked with a toxic person during their career. Scholars agree that follower coping strategies include avoidance behaviors, adapting behaviors which include shutting down, non-communication can result in withdrawal, loss of self-esteem, and depression. Followership skills can be improved with critical thinking, emphasizing self-management, aligning with organizational goals, and acting responsibly with others in the organization. Scholars agree that positive work environments result in more creative and cohesive teams and servant led organizations are constructive and optimistic.

McAuley, C. D. (2019, July). Dissertation Research Presentation. Global Followership Conference. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.

Abstract: Nonprofit board members can display a range of leader and follower characteristics when serving in successful organizations. The focus of this research included a strategic look at a particular type of leader and follower. The quantitative, descriptive correlational study was an examination of whether there were relationships between servant leader behavior and organizational trust, and exemplary follower behavior and organizational trust. The purpose of the study was to determine whether servant leader behavior and exemplary follower behavior predicted organizational trust in 12 performing arts nonprofit boards in the Southeast United States (N=96). The key findings from the study included a correlation between servant leader behavior and organizational trust, and no correlation existed between exemplary follower behavior and organizational trust. The results are an indication that most executive board members believed organizational leaders demonstrated servant leader behaviors and organizational trust was high. These findings could be important to artistic leaders, CEOs, or presidents of nonprofit boards. This new research may facilitate examination of leader-follower models in nonprofit organizations, encouraging more high-performing boards. Additional research is necessary to understand the relationships between board members of nonprofit organizations and performing arts nonprofits in particular.

Congratulations to Dr. Francis Wardle for her presentation in support of her book, Oh Boy! Strategies for Teaching Boys in Early Childhood. The title of her presentation, Meeting the Needs of Young Boys in Early Childhood Programs and Elementary,  has been given in Denver, Lakewood, Littleton and Loveland, Colorado, with future presentations to be made in State College, Pennsylvania, and Seattle, Washington.

Abstract: Young boys struggle in our early childhood programs and elementary schools for a variety of reasons. This presentation serves as an introduction to the new book by Francis Wardle, Oh Boy! Strategies for Teaching Boys in Early Childhood (Exchange Press). The book begins by using data to illustrate how young boys are struggling in our programs: suspension and expulsion rates, special education identifications, and discipline statistics. It then provides a variety of suggestions to address this issue: creating a goodness-of-fit between how young boys grow, develop, and learn, and the physical and social environments of our early childhood programs and elementary schools.

Congratulations to Dr. Vicki Purslow for her presentation

Purslow, V. (2019, July). The marginalization of American country music: Renewing academic inquiry into the music of the rural white southern diaspora. Arts in Society 14th International Conference. The Polytechnic Institute of Lisbon. Lisbon, Spain.

Congratulations to Dr. Jane Schumacher for being accepted to present at the Hawaii International Conference on Education to be held in January 2020. Dr. Schumacher has presented at this conference in the past with great success.

Schumacher, J. (2020). Ho`oponopono (Conflict Resolution): A Hawaiian cultural protocol for use in schools. Hawaii International Conference on Education

Abstract: Ho`oponopono is an Indigenous Hawaiian cultural practice that is relationship based and is used to set things right between individuals through honest dialogue. Ho`oponopono originally relied on `olelokike (dialogue), to resolve conflicts within the `ohana (family). Dekneef (2016) wrote, “While the term itself wasn't used by ancient Hawaiians, it is a remnant of a practice, led by kahuna (priests), that believed if someone fell ill, it may have stemmed from breaking kapu (spiritual law) and only after admitting wrong and asking for atonement from the gods or from the violated person, would the sufferer be physically healed. While the process of ho’oponopono may seem simple, it requires commitment and involvement by all participants in the process. Ho`oponopono is now used in Hawai`i and in other locations as a conflict resolution practice in private and nonprofit organizations including schools. Ho`oponopono reflects Indigenous Hawaiian practice of valuing “talking story” or sharing ones’ perceptions and stories with one another. The main goal of ho`oponopono is to find resolution for a conflict through dialogue and to forgive one another in order to move forward with ha`aha`a (humility) and lokahi (harmony). There are distinct phases in the ho`oponopono process. The phases of ho`oponopono include: setting the tone and statement of the problem; conversation phase in which participants share their thoughts and feelings; resolution phase including active listening and statements of personal responsibility and forgiveness; closing phase summarizing what has taken place and agreement to move forward. Participants in this workshop will: Learn history of ho`oponopono in Indigenous Hawaiian culture Learn phases of ho`oponopono in resolving conflict Select one of several cases of school based conflict Practice using the phases of ho`oponopono to resolve cases of conflict Reflect on process or ho`oponopono and its applicability in their own work situations


Congratulations to Dr. Michelle Witherspoon for her success in supporting the next generation of doctoral practitioners. Dr. Witherspoon was the chair for two of the following students and sat on the committee of the other students. 

Dissertation Chair:

Britton, N. (2019). Learning experiences in undergraduate English composition courses: A grounded theory study.

Summerall, J. (2019). Employee work engagement in respite care and generational cohorts of supervisors: A correlational study.

Dissertation Committee Member:

Taylor, B. (2019). Educational technology for successful active and blended learning in preclinical medical education: A case study.

Robinson, P. (2019). High school teacher's experiences in concurrent enrollment programs: A transcendental phenomenology study.


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